From Castle to Station -
Masterpieces from the Breda Collection
From Castle to Station takes you on a short walk through history. Two exhibition rooms show special objects, documents, paintings and pictures that together tell the story of Breda. The rich collection reflects the history of a fortified town that developed into a city that brings together a wide diversity of people and businesses. The beautiful glassware of the adjutant, notorious from the famous Peat Barge attack on the city, reveals his social status. Kees Pellenaars’ rainbow jersey still radiates something of the sensational victory of the first Dutch world cycling champion.
Your walk takes you from the Nassaus, past the Eighty Years’ War and the Diocese, to Breda’s industrial past. And from there further, past the Bredase Kunstkring artists’ group and the Second World War to the reconstruction and the new station. On one side, the walls are hung with changing townscapes and, on the other, with portraits of people who are connected to the city in various ways.
You can see the oldest townscape of Breda and an elegant and charming statue of Saint Catharine from the Beguinage. You can compare the two dazzling monstrances that bridge a period of four centuries. And marvel at a rare painting of a Carnival celebration in the early years of the war. And take your time to look at the small, detailed painting by Reinhardt Willem Kleijn depicting the first factories on the outskirts of the city. Study Niel Steenbergen’s beechwood bust, and experience the evacuation of Breda on 12 May 1940 in Dio Rovers’ magnificent triptych.
Faces of the city
A city is shaped by its people. We introduce you to Breda’s powerful nobility, religious leaders and influential artists. They formed the city, or were inspired by it. Meet German nobleman Engelbrecht van Nassau and his wife Johanna van Polanen, who created the city’s aristocratic allure. Get to know Dio Rovers and Paul Windhausen, key figures in the Bredase Kunstkring artists’ group. And meet farmer’s son Adrianus Oomen from Teteringen, thanks to whom the diocese of Breda was established in the nineteenth century.
We show you how Breda developed, through a series of townscapes. It begins as a fortified town with high walls. For a long time, the castle and the Great Church dominate the skyline. Count Henry III of Nassau-Breda elevates the city to a higher level and turns the castle into a much admired Renaissance palace. Gradually, the rural landscape has to make way for smoking factory chimneys and the railway line defines the border of the city. The new railway station is the crowning glory of the ambitious programme of post-war urban development, which establishes Breda as a city that brings together people and businesses.
Artists, designers and photographers
The exhibition includes works by August Allebé, Atelier P.J.H. Cuypers, Atelier Jules Dobbelaere, H.G. Beerman, J. Beyens, Adrianus van Beugen, Petrus van Boxtel II, Matthijs van Bree, H.M. Brom, Feitze de Bruijn, Jacques Callot, Hans Chabot, Tom Claassen, A.G. Cornet, J. van Croes, Louis Davion, J. Van Delft, Cornelis Andreas van Dongen, Paul van Gils, Johan van Gurp, Herman Hertzberger, G. van der Heijden, Herman Heijenbrock, W.G.F. Heymans, Teun Hocks, Frans Hogenberg, Ludwig Hohlwein, J. Houbraken, J.F. Hütten, Willem Huybreghs, N.J.W. Huyskens, J.C. Huysmans, B.F. Immink, Johannes Jansonius, Pieter van der Keere, Kees Kelfkens, Adriaan Woutersz. Keyen, Arthur Klep, Reinhardt Willem Kleijn, Johannes Christiaan Karel Klinkenberg, Hein Koreman, Hendrik Maarten Krabbé, Jan Adam Kruseman, Arnold W.M. van de Laar, Max Liebermann, Ron Machielse, Lukas van der Meer, Hendrik Meyer, Pieter Laurens Mol, Frans de Momper, Gerrit de Morée, H.G. Ontrop, Christel Ooms, Cas Oorthuys, Johannes Peeters, Pier Francesco Pieri, Pieter Quast, Wiel van der Randen, Dio Rovers, Jan van Rijckel II, Guido Andries di Savino, André Schreurs, Jacob Seldenslach, Jan Sluijters, P. Soutman, Ben Speekenbrink, Niel Steenbergen, Martine Stig, Jan Strube, I. Suiderhoef, Koen van Velsen Architecten, Cor Viveen, Emile Waegeningh, Jadwiga Walker, Antoon van Welie, Henk Werschkull, Paul Windhausen, René de Wit and Nico van Zijverden
- Target group
- from young to old
- ground floor
- Average visiting time
- 45 minutes
- wheelchair accessible